Annex 1 of the Agreement on Agriculture

Annex 1 of the Agreement on Agriculture is a crucial piece of legislation that governs global trade in agricultural products. The agreement, which was first implemented in 1995 as part of the World Trade Organization (WTO), aims to liberalize and regulate international trade in agricultural products.

Annex 1 of the agreement defines the different categories of agricultural products and the extent to which they are subject to market access limitations and domestic support measures. These categories include:

– “Sensitive” products, which are subject to higher tariffs and other market access restrictions;

– “Special” products, which are intended to protect the food security of developing countries and are subject to even higher levels of protection;

– “Developed country” products, which are not subject to any market access restrictions or domestic support measures and enjoy unrestricted access to global markets; and

– “Least-developed country” products, which are given special treatment under the agreement, including duty-free and quota-free access to developed country markets.

The agreement also includes provisions for reducing trade-distorting subsidies and increasing market access for agricultural products, particularly for developing countries. The goal is to create a more level playing field for global trade in agricultural products, while also ensuring that countries can protect their own food security and rural economies.

However, the implementation of Annex 1 has not been without controversy. Some developing countries have criticized the agreement for failing to adequately address their concerns around market access and domestic support measures. Others have argued that the agreement has led to a further concentration of power in the hands of large agribusinesses at the expense of small farmers.

Nevertheless, Annex 1 remains a key part of the global trade framework for agricultural products. As a professional, it is important to understand the significance of this agreement and its impact on the global agricultural sector. By ensuring that your writing is accurate and informative, you can help readers better understand the complex web of policies and regulations that govern global trade in food and agricultural products.


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